Aquifer is a porous layer of earth material that becomes saturated with water. An aquifer is an underground layer of gravel, sand, or permeable rock that holds groundwater that can be extracted by wells.
The Floridan aquifer is one of the highest producing aquifers in the world. It is found throughout Florida and extends into the southern portions of Alabama, Georgia, and South Carolina. This aquifer system is comprised of a sequence of limestone and dolomite, which thickens from about 250 feet in Georgia to about 3000 feet in south Florida. The Floridan aquifer system has been divided into an upper and lower aquifer separated by a unit of lower permeability. The upper Floridan aquifer is the principal source of water supply in most of north and central Florida. In the southern portion of the state, where it is deeper and contains brackish water, the aquifer has been used for the injection of sewage and industrial waste. Groundwater flow is generally from highs near the center of the state towards the coast.
Why is understanding and protecting the Floridian Aquifer important? Because of the shallowness and uniqueness of Florida's aquifer system, harmful chemicals can be easily introduced thus causing our drinking water supply to be harmed. This is why active cleanup is necessary to remove the harmful chemicals, so that nature can thrive!
The Floridan aquifer is the source of many springs in Florida. (source: https://fldep.dep.state.fl.us/swapp/Aquifer.asp)
Evaporation is the process by which water or other liquids change from liquids to a gas vapor; evaporation can return infiltrated water to the atmosphere from upper soil layers before it reaches groundwater or surface water, and occur from leaf surfaces (interception), water bodies (lakes, streams, wetlands, oceans), small puddled depressions in the landscape.
A flood plain (or floodplain) is a generally flat area of land next to a river or stream. It stretches from the banks of the river to the outer edges of the valley.
A flood plain consists of two parts. The first is the main channel of the river itself, called the floodway. Floodways can sometimes be seasonal, meaning the channel is dry for part of the year.
What is Bedrock and why is it important?
Bedrock is solid or fractured rock usually underlying unconsolidated geologic materials; bedrock may be exposed at the land surface.
Why is this important? Bedrock is the layer that is sometime drilled through for monitoring wells to be installed for groundwater treatment.
Bedrock layer can be affected by harmful contaminants that seep through the soils layers and penetrate the fractures in the bedrock.
Bedrock layer is important in the protection of our drinking water.
Waste material that is reactive, toxic, corrosive, or otherwise poses a hazard to human health and the environment ...
Discharge Area is an area where groundwater emerges at the surface; an area where upward pressure or hydraulic head moves groundwater towards the surface to escape as a spring, seep, or baseflow of a stream.
Contaminant refers to man-made chemical compounds that are harmful for surface and groundwater. Once introduced to these bodies of water, these compounds can cause death to marine life and make drinking water sources unusable.
Nature is Our Priority!
Groundwater is the water found underground in the cracks and spaces in soil, sand and rock. It is stored in and moves slowly through geologic formations of soil, sand and rocks called aquifers.